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  • Published on October 21, 2011

    Caregiver Job Description

    By JobsInHospitals.com

    A caregiver is usually responsible for attending to the specific needs of an elderly person, but a caregiver may also attend to the needs of an infant or a disabled person. Caregivers serve a key role in the health care industry. Caregivers ensure that those under their care are clean, fed and safe. The responsibilities of caregiver can be diverse and encompass many aspects of care.

    Caregivers will generally work in a patient’s home and help with a variety of tasks. Caregivers are responsible for assisting infants, seniors or the disabled with receiving a proper diet and meals along with preparation of meals and in some cases grocery shopping. Caregivers assist in cleaning and taking those they are caring for on errands and other daily activities.

    When caring for an elderly patient a caregiver will also be responsible for a senior’s health care. This may include monitoring vital signs and keeping a log book (ex. if they are Diabetic). If the caregiver is caring for a child the job description may include making sure they are physically well and providing necessary social interaction such as playing games, reading and encouraging development of skills. Here are some basic caregiver job responsibilities:

    • Change linens and make beds
    • Prepare and plan meals (including clean-up)
    • Help with walking and light exercise
    • Plan ahead for future meals, check expiration dates on food
    • Do laundry (may include light ironing)
    • Light housekeeping duties (such as vacuuming and dusting)
    • Assist with dressing, grooming and bathing
    • Take out the trash
    • Run small errands (pick up prescriptions, go to the bank, etc.)
    • Remind when to take medications
    • Engage in mental and physical exercises
    • Escort to appointments (doctor, physical therapy, hair salon, etc.)
    • Organize mail and maintain a schedule/calendar
    • Escort to religious services
    • Engage in regular activities (talking, games, etc.)
    • Provide companionship
    • Record daily care notes
    • Make note of any significant changes in the client to the agency/service

    Training and Education Requirements

    There are no specific qualifications needed to become a caregiver. Many caregivers receive on the job training. There are some caregivers who do receive nursing training or rehabilitation training. This usually applies to those who seek work in a medical or long-term care facility. Those caregivers that dispense medications may be required to take basic training courses, depending on which state they are working in. Some states do require certification for certain types of caregivers, while others do not.


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